The US Internal Revenue Service has announced their annual adjustments to exclusions and exemptions due to inflation.

                                                                    2021                              2022                            2023         

Annual Gift Tax Exclusion                $15,000                           $16,000                      $17,000

Lifetime Gift/ Estate Tax                    $11,700,000                $12,060,000               $12,920,000

Combined Exemption

The annual gift tax exclusion will be increased to $17,000 per recipient for 2023 from $16,000 in 2022.

The gift and estate tax exemption will be increased to $12.92 million per individual for 2023, up from $12.06 million in 2022. This increase means that a married couple can exempt a total of $25.84 million before having to pay any federal gift or estate tax. For a couple who has already maxed out lifetime gifts, they may now give away another $1.72 million in 2023.


Each year, the IRS sets the annual gift tax exclusion, which allows a taxpayer to give a certain amount (in 2023, $17,000) per recipient tax-free without using up any of the taxpayer’s lifetime gift and estate tax exemption. Married couples may give $34,000/year per recipient beginning next year. As an example, if a married couple has three children and five grandchildren, in 2023 they may transfer a total of $272,000 to their descendants without touching their combined $25.84 million gift tax exemption, thus allowing them to transfer substantial assets gift-tax-free. Further, not only are the assets removed from the taxpayers’ taxable estates, the assets’ future appreciation also avoids gift and estate taxes.


If one gifts an amount that is above the annual gift tax exclusion, that individual  will use a portion of his or her lifetime gift tax exemption ($12.92 million in 2023). The gift and estate tax exemptions are linked, meaning that the use of one’s gift tax exemption will reduce the exemption available for one’s estate. If one makes gifts in excess of the annual gift tax exclusion, one must file a gift tax return, due April 15 in the following year, to report the gift and track the amount of the lifetime exemption that has been used.

It should be noted that although the IRS has announced that the lifetime gift and estate tax exemption will increase to $12.92 million in 2023, that amount is set to be cut in half at the start of 2026.

As always, the attorneys at Winne, Banta, Basralian & Kahn are here to serve you.

If you have specific questions pertaining to the information above please contact one of the attorneys in our Tax, Trusts & Estates Department listed below.

Co-Chairs of the Tax, Trusts & Estates Department

Martin J. Dever, Jr.

Jonathan Kukin

Partners of the Tax, Trusts & Estate Department:

Arthur I. Goldberg

Peter J. Bakarich, Jr.

Associates of the Tax, Trusts & Estate Department:

Doris Brandstatter     

Drew J. Ruzanski        

Marley A. Guerrera    

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